Monday, September 1, 2014

Touring Missouri's Civil War Sites-- Part 4

Sites Visited.

BON TERRE:   Confederates captured this underground mine and tore up Union railroads running north and south of the mining town.

FREDERICKTOWN:  Where the screaming eagle "Old Abe" saw battle in October 1861.

SHUT-IN GAP:  A very narrow pass created by Stout's Creek through which Confederates passed undetected to take on General Thomas Ewing, Jr. and his 1500 Union soldiers at Pilot Knob.

PILOT KNOB:  Battle of Pilot Knob.  Ewing escaped at night and began a long, hard march to safety.  He also blew up the powder magazine at Fort Davidson at Pilot Knob. The earthworks at the fort are in great condition.

CALEDONIA:: A makeshift Civil War hospital which treated wounded from both sides during the Battle of Fort Davidson.

POTOSI:  Location of several bloody skirmishes. Ewing avoided this when he learned the Confederates were waiting for him there.  Ewing led his troops to Leasburg and then to DeSoto and St. Louis.

--Old Secesh

Touring Missouri's Civil War Sites-- Part 3

In the fall of 1864, Confederate General Sterling Price, former Missouri governor, and 12,000 Confederates invaded Missouri from Arkansas with the objective of capturing St. Louis and Missouri's capital.

According to historian Greg Wolk, " Missouri has always been more important during the Civil War than it is given credit for."

The full tour covers the confrontations of Price's three division commanders: General Joseph Shelby, John S. Marmaduke and James Fagan.  I have been writing about Marmaduke and Shelby in my Civil War naval blog in the past few weeks.

--Old Secesh

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Touring Missouri's Civil War Sites-- Part 2: "Kill Devil"

The fall tour will take Hwy 67 south, then west on 72 to Arcadia and then north on 21 to Caledonia.  All of the sites visited will be connected just to the Civil War in Missouri for the year 1864 with special emphasis on the Battle of Pilot Knob fought September 27, 1864.  (I've never heard of that battle.)

One of the first stops will be at St. Francois State Park where bushwhacker Sam Hildebrandt lived in a cabin and hid in a nearby cave whenever Union forces came looking for him.  The tour will visit the cave and his burial spot.  Hildebrandt was quite the ruthless killer and would carve a notch in his rifle for each Unionist he killed.He was also known for his penchant of shooting unarmed prisoners.  His rifle, nicknamed "Kill Devil", had between 80-100 notches.

I wonder if the rifle is still around?

That "Kill Devil."  --Old Secesh

Friday, August 29, 2014

Touring Missouri's Civil War Sites-- Part 1

From the June 13, 2014, Webster-Kirkwood (Mo.) Times by Don Corrigan.

Ever heard of old "Kill Devil,"  Missouri's Swamp Fox or the "Screaming Eagle?"Well, I always thought "Kill devil" was where the Wright brothers flew that plane and I know about the Revolutionary War's Swamp Fox.

If you want to find out about them, book a trip with the "Road Scholar" for a tour of Missouri's Civil War sites this fall.

Civil War historian Greg Walk will be conducting the pilot tour to Big River Mills, Fredericktown, Arcadia Valley, Pilot Knob and Potosi.

All the Civil War Missouri You'd Want.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, August 28, 2014

Alonzo Cushing to Receive Medal of Honor-- Part 2

Alonzo Cushing was born in Delafield, Wisconsin, and raised in Fredonia, New York.  he is buried at his alma mater, the USMA at West Point after being killed at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, at age 22.

At the battle, he commanded 110 men and a battery of six cannons on Cemetery Ridge until he was hit by a bullet in the head.  He had earlier been wounded as well and was down to just two cannons and was out of long-range ammunition at the time of his death.  He should have withdrawn.

More than 1500 Medals of Honor were awarded during the Civil War, the first war of its existence.  The last Civil War medal of Honor to be awarded before this was one to Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith of Clinton, Illinois, which was awarded in 2001 by President Clinton.

The Cushing name is prominent in Delafield in southeast Wisconsin where there is a monument to him and his two brothers, Cmdr. William Cushing, USN and Ar,y 1st Lt. Howard Cushing.  This monument is in Cushing Memorial Park where the town celebrates Memorial Day.

The two other Vietnam veterans receiving Medals of Honor were Donald Sloat who was KIA on Jan. 17, 1970   Bennie Adkins earned his in 1966.

Now, It Is Time to Consider a Medal of Honor for Alonzo's brother William, Whose Exploits Along the Coast Surely Deserve One As Well.  --Old Secesh

Alonzo Cushing to Receive Medal of Honor-- Part 1

From the August 27, 2014, San Diego, Cal., CBS 8 "Civil War officer to receive Medal of Honor" by Nedra Pickler.

It took over 150 years for this gallant officer to receive this honor, due largely to a decades-long effort by his descendants and Civil War buffs.

On August 26th, it was announced by the White House that 1st Lt. Alonzo H. Cushing, who was killed while standing his ground against Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, would be receiving a long-delayed Medal of Honor.

Last December, Congress gave Cushing a special exception to receive the honor posthumously.  Normally, in order to receive one, recommendations must be made within two years of the act of heroism.

President Obama will present the award on September 15th along with two Vietnam War veterans who also received the Congressional special-exception.  They are Army Command Sgt. Major Bennie D. Adkins and Army spc Donald P. Sloat.

--Old Secesh

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

N.C. Confederates Buried at Arlington-- Part 25: Captured, Exchanged, Wounded, Wounded and Captured Again

JAMES R. SPRY, Private, Co. B, 8th N.C.: Born in Currituck County where he resided as a farmer before enlisting at age 19 on August 5, 1861, for war.  Captured at Roanoke Island on Feb. 8, 1862, and paroled at Elizabeth City on Feb. 20, 1862.  Exchanged at Aikens Landing, James River, Va., on Nov. 10, 1862.

Present or accounted for until wounded near Drewry's Bluff, Va., on or about May 13, 1864.  Rejoined company prior to Sept. 30, 1864.

Wounded in left arm and captured at Fort Harrison, Va..  Hospitalized at Fort Monroe, Va., then transferred to Point Lookout, Maryland around October 5, 1864.  Paroled Point Lookout and transferred to Boulware's Wharf, James River, Va., where he was received March 19, 1865, for exchange.

Died Feb. 12, 1924 and buried at Arlington National Cemetery along with his wife, Mary.

--Old Secesh

N. C. Confederates Buried at Arlington National Cemetery-- Part 24

SIMEON SWANSON, color corporal, Co. E, 44th N.C.:  Born Franklin County where he resided as a farmer before enlisting at the age 20 on Feb. 13, 1862.  Mustered in as a private.  promoted to color corporal March-Oct. 1863.

Captured at Bristoe Station, Va. on Oct. 14, 1863.  Confined at Old Capitol Prison.  Hospitalized in Washington, D.C., Dec. 15, 1863 with "variola."  Died Jan. 12, 1864.

WILLIAM TUCKER, private Co. C, 33rd N.C.:  Resided Cabarrus County where he enlisted at age 21 on Feb. 22, 1862.  Present or accounted for until wounded in the thorax and captured at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863.

Hospitalized in Washington, D.C..  Died May 21, 1863 of wounds.

--Old Secesh

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Victory & Surrender: Appomattox's 150th Anniversary-- Part 3

Among the cast members is a direct descendant of one of the notables in the event, the great-great-grandson of Union General Ulysses S. Grant, John G. Griffiths, 76, of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Griffiths wore the Union blue in the movie (it didn't mention whether he played his g-g-granddad, however), but said in the past he has re-enacted as a Confederate and has been an extra in other park service films and in Hollywood, including the epic film "Gettysburg."

Appomattox's 150th anniversary events are planned for April 8-12, 2015, culminating in the stacking of arms at Appomattox Court House National Historical Park's Historic Village.

--Old Secesh

Monday, August 25, 2014

Victory and Surrender-- 150th Anniversary of Appomattox-- Part 2

Because the new film is being shot in high definition with surround-sound, park staff decided to upgrade the projector and speakers for "more of a theater experience."

About 80 people volunteered to be in the film and a number of Appomattox County animals will also star in it.

The film calls for men about the average age of Civil War soldiers, 18-24, to accurately portray the time.
The Appomattox 1865 Foundation is responsible for casting the men and managing the animals.

In between takes, the park's historian re-positioned people and changed clothing to ensure authenticity.  They even slathered Appomattox red clay mud onto the horse's legs and men's boots and trousers, something that would have been seen a lot during the hard campaigning back in 1865.  The male actors did not shave for a week.

--Old Secesh

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Victory and Surrender: Appomattox's 150th Anniversary-- Part 1

From the August 18, 2014, Marine Corps Times "Victory & Surrender" by AP.

New film and more for Appomattox's 150th anniversary.

A new film is being made featuring actors portraying the individuals from that momentous occasion almost 150 years ago.  Just like then, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant rode a horse to the McLean House in Appomattox, Virginia, followed by seven officers, where he was greeted by some of his soldiers.

This film is being made by the Appomattox Court House National Historical Park and hopefully it will be finished in time for the 150th anniversary in April 2015.

In addition, it will include Gen. Robert E. Lee and the stacking of arms by Confederate soldiers after the surrender.  There will also be information not included in the park's current films, made in 1975 and 1980.  It will include Lincoln's assassination and the contributions of 3,000 black troops in the Appomattox Campaign and civilian life at Appomattox.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, August 21, 2014

N.C. Confederates Buried Arlington National Cemetery-- Part 23

WILLIAM A. SINK:  private Co. F, 5th N.C.:  Born in Davidson County where he resided before enlisting in Wake County at age 27, July 15, 1862, for war as a substitute.  Present or accounted for until captured at Crampton's Pass, Md., September 14, 1862.  paroled on or about Sept. 26, 1862.

Returned to duty prior to March 1, 1863 and present or accounted for until captured at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 14, 1863.  Confined Old Capitol Prison October 16, 1863.  Died in a Washington, D.C. hospital on Feb. 19, 1864, of "chronic diarrhoea."

WILLIAM STRAYHORN,  private Co. H, 1st N.C.:  Born Alamance County where resided as a farmer before enlisting at age 19 on May 21, 1861.  Present or accounted for until captured at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 14, 1863.

Confined at Old Capitol Prison on Oct. 15, 1863.  Died in a Washington, D.C. hospital Jan. 21, 1864, of "diarrhea chronica."

--Old Secesh

N.C. Confederates Buried Arlington-- Part 22

CHARLES W. RIEL (or RIAL),  corporal, Co.  H, 6th N.C.:  Born in Germany and resided in Guilford County before enlisting in Caswell County at age 27 on June 12, 1861, for war.  Mustered in as a private and promoted to corporal Oct. 1, 1862.

Present or accounted for until wounded in the right leg and captured at Rappahannock Station, Va., November 7, 1863.  Hospitalized in Washington, D.C. and died Nov. 14, 1863.

NATHAN A. ROGERS, private Co. F, 44th N.C. Infantry.  Born in Chatham County where he resided until enlisted at age 19 on March 11, 1862 at Love's Store.

Present or accounted for until captured at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 14, 1863.  Confined at Old Capitol Prison on October 15, 1863.  Died at Washington, D.C. hospital Dec. 7, 1863, of "diarrhea chronica."

Stay Away from Old Capitol Prison.  --  Old Secesh

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Lincoln County, North Carolina

I came across this county's name on a couple soldiers buried at Arlington national Cemetery and was wondering about the name of the county.  Surely the state wouldn't name a county after the president of the Union.

They didn't, it was named for Benjamin Lincoln, a Revolutionary War officer.

--Old Secesh

N.C. Confederates Buried Arlington National Cemetery-- Part 21

LEVI REINHARDT, private Co. F, 23rd N.C. Infantry:

His body was removed from Arlington National Cemetery in Octiber 1883, along with 106 others and reinterred in the Confederate Section at Raleigh's Oakwood Cemetery.

Resided in Catawba County where he enlisted March 10, 1863, for the war.  Present or accounted for until wounded in the leg and captured at Spottsylvania Court House, Va., May 12, 1864.

His leg was amputated.  Died at Carver Hospital in Washington D.C. hospital May 30, 1864, of "pyaemia."  Federal medical records give his age at 39 and is listed as the first Confederate soldier buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

--Old Secesh