Friday, May 29, 2015

The McClurgs and the Fort Pitt Foundry

From Wikipedia.

The Fort Pitt Foundry in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was founded in 1804 by Joseph McClurg and was an early producer of cannons for the U.S. military.  They manufactured the cannonballs used by Oliver Hazard Perry in the famed Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.

Joseph McClurg was Alexander C. McClurg of the 88th Illinois.

The foundry was best-known for its manufacture of large cannons.  And one of the largest of those was a 20-inch Rodman gun.

The foundry closed after the Civil War

One of Joseph McClurg's sons was Joseph Washing McClurg who became governor of Missouri after the war.  Another son was Alexander "Alex" McClurg, Sr., the father of Alexander C. McClurg.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, May 28, 2015

Alexander C. McClurg-- Part 4: Chicago's McClurg Building

From Wikipedia.

The McClurg Building is a historic skyscraper in Chicago's Loop.  Built in 1899 and designed by noted Chicago architects Holabird & Roche.  It is a short one by today's standards, standing just nine stories high and is 150 feet at its base.

A.C. McClurg Publishing is the main occupant.

It was placed on the NRHP in 1970.

At one time there was also a McClurg Court in Chicago which consisted of three theaters, but it closed in 2003.

--Old Secesh

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Alexander C. McClurg, 88th Illinois-- Part 3

When word of his military abilities spread, he served with several different Union generals including Philip Sheridan and George Thomas.  I have to wonder if McClurg and Sheridan got together when commanded the Army in Chicago after the war.

When the war ended, he returned to S.C. Griggs, bookseller, as a junior partner and eventually gained ownership of it and renamed it after himself.

A lifelong pursuit of all things literature and was influential in the establishment of the Chicago Literary Club and Newberry Library.

He died at St. Augustine, Florida, on April 15, 1901,  and is buried at Chicago's Graceland Cemetery.

--Old Secesh

Captain Alexander C. McClurg, 88th Illinois-- Part 2

Continued from May 18th.  McClurg was in the same regiment as John Peter, who I wrote about earlier this month as a Union veteran from McHenry County in Illinois.

McClurg spent most of the war as an advisor to a series of generals.  After the war, he returned to the bookselling house as a junior partner and eventually became senior partner in it and later that company became known as the A.C. McClurg & Co..

At the outbreak of the war, he enlisted as a private in Co. D, 16th Regiment Illinois State militia, which was disbanded after several months and McClurg returned to the bookselling company., but reenlisted with the Crosby Guards, which was merged into the 88th Illinois and he became a captain.

Within a few months, the 88th saw action at the Battle of Perryville.

Shortly after the unit arrived in Nashville, he was named Judge Advocate of the General Court Martial.  When Union general McCook met McClurg, he saw his military ability and appointed him assistant adjutant general.  Acting as an advisor, McClurg helped plan the Tullahoma Campaign.

--Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Lincoln's Killing Stunned the Nation-- Part 1

From the April 12, 2015, Chicago Tribune "Chicago Flashback: Killing stunned a nation" by Ron Grossman.

President Abraham Lincoln was in a lighthearted mood according to his wife on that fateful night they went to Ford's Theater to see a play on that Good Friday.  After all, Richmond had fallen and Lee had surrendered.  The long and bloody war was nearing an end.  there were still problems to face, but the worst surely seemed over.  And, then there was tragic death of their 11-year-old-son Willie, three years earlier.

On April 11th, Lincoln had given a speech at the White House talking about reconstruction and a new constitution for Louisiana.  This speech infuriated one who was there, John Wilkes Booth.  He vowed, "That is the last speech he will make."  Three days later, on April 14th, he did something about it.

While the Lincolns were on their afternoon carriage ride, Booth slipped into Ford's Theatre, where he knew they would be that night because the management had placed ads announcing the Lincolns would be attending that night.

--Old Secesh

Camp Douglas Prison -- Andersonville of the North-- Part 6

Gale F. red has compiled separate rosters for Confederates buried at the Alton Confederate Cemetery (Alton Prison), Camp Butler National Cemetery (Camp Butler Prison), Rock island National Cemetery (Rock Island Prison), Oak Woods Cemetery (Camp Douglas Prison) and Mounds City National Cemetery (Mounds City Cemetery.

These were all prisons for Confederates in the State of Illinois.

Most people in Illinois are unaware of the large number of Confederate buried in the state who died while prisoners of war.  But most also know about the horrors of Andersonville.

--Old Secesh.

Monday, May 25, 2015

One Confederate Veteran Buried in McHenry County, Illinois-- Part 2

The two buried in Lake County, Illinois, and the one in McHenry County, Illinois, are of particular interest to me as this is where I lived for 18 years and 23 respectfully.

From the Northwest Herald "County home to intriguing historical oddities" by Hilary Gowins.

The body of James Johnson is buried at Union Cemmetery on South Union Road by the town of Union.  In the north section of the cemetery is the military marker of one James Johnson, the only Confederate soldier buried in McHenry County.  The McHenry County Civil War Round Table (to which I belong) doesn't know much about him and didn't know he was a Confederate soldier until they investigated the cemetery records.

His birth date is unknown, but he died in May 1905.

They intend to give him a proper headstone with his name and dates.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, May 21, 2015

One Confederate Veteran Buried in McHenry County, Illinois-- Part 1

JAMES JOHNSON buried at Union Cemetery, Coral Township in McHenry County.  Confederate Army, Lot 25

His grave was not marked, but now is.  He is not mentioned in the 1870 census of the county, so must have died sometime between 1865 and then.

--Old Secesh

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Confederate Veterans Buried in Lake County, Illinois

Red Gale and Illinois History sites show that two Confederate veterans are buried in Lake County, Illinois, at the northeast corner of the state.  lake County is where we lived for 18 years before moving to McHenry County, just to the west.

Of course, these men did not die in prison there, they moved there after the war.

HENRY GLASS-  Buried at Ivanhoe Cemetery, Fremont Center Cemetery in Mundelein.  Lot 130

Gale Red has him a private Co. G, 3rd Battalion Tennessee Infantry (Memphis Battalion Local Defense)  Born 1833 in Germany.  Died April 1904.

EDWARD BURKE McCLANNAHAN--  Captain Co. G, 6th Tennessee, Lot 67, section A.  Served as judge advocate general under Gen. Braxton Bragg.

--Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Camp Douglas Prison-- The Andersonville of the North-- Part 5

Gale F. Red of the Illinois Division of the SCV, (Lt. George Dixon Camp) has compiled a Roll of Honor of Confederate Veterans Buried in Illinois.  Ten cemeteries are listed for Champaign County alone and the names, rank, unit, birth and death of 13 Confederates buried there are given.  The Vermilion County had six Confederates buried in six cemeteries.

No Confederate veterans are known to be buried in DeKalb, Henderson, mason, Monroe, Putnam and Wabash counties, but all the rest have at least one.

These veterans, of course, were buried in Illinois after the war and that means that a lot of them moved here after their service.

I am familiar with Mr. Red's work and that is quite impressive.

--Old Secesh

Camp Douglas Prison-- The Andersonville of the North-- Part 4

Gary Flavion's article "Civil War Prison Camps" says that these prisoners were potentially more dangerous and terrifying than the battles themselves.  Some 56,000 men died in prison camps over the course of the war.  That exceeds American losses in World War I, Korea and Vietnam.

Brent Harvey wrote about a memorial service carried out at the Camp Douglas Monument at Oak Woods cemetery in Chicago on April 29, 2007.  This was put on by the Camp Douglas camp of the Sons of Confederate Veterans.  His website also gives information on his five direct ancestors and 24 other relatives who served in Co. B of the 8th Missouri Cavalry, CSA.

She was impressed by a quote on his website by Confederate General John B. Gordon saying: "For the future glory of the Republic, it is absolutely inmaterial whether on this battlefield or that, the Blue or Gray won a great victory, for, thanks to God, every victory won in that War by either side was a monument to American valor."

--Old Secesh

Monday, May 18, 2015

Captain Alexander C. McClurg, 88th Illinois-- Part 1

While researching about John Peter's 88th Illinois Infantry Regiment, I came across this name which caused me to remember a place in Chicago called McClurg Court which at one time was a theater, also a McClurg Building.

I did some research on the man in Wikipedia.

Alexander C. McClurg was a Civil War brigadier general and a partner in the A.C. McClurg & Co. publishing house, born 1832 and died April 15, 1901.  He was also a noted American bookseller and military advisor.

He was raised in Pittsburgh, Pa., where his father built Fort Pitt Foundry.  He moved to Chicago and became a junior partner in a bookselling house.  With the coming of the war, he became a captain in the 88th Illinois, but soon became a military advisor to Union generals when his abilities were recognized.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Col. Francis T. Sherman, Commander of 88th Illinois-- Part 2

The "T. in his name stood for Trowbridge and was born in Connecticut December 31, 1825.

He had gone out to the California Gold Fields from 1849-1851 and then returned to Chicago and worked in manufacturing, contracting and railroad building.

During the Civil War, he commanded the 88th Illinois Infantry regiment and participated in capturing the famous Confederate spy Belle Boyd.

He died November 9, 1905, and is buried at Chicago's Graceland Cemetery in Section A, Lot 38.

--Old Secesh

Saturday, May 16, 2015

Colonel Francis T. Sherman, the 88th's Commander-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

Colonel Francis T. Sherman commanded the 88th Illinois, this was John Peter's unit,  for most of the war until he was captured outside of Atlanta on July 7, 1864.  He was exchanged in October and assigned as inspector general of the Army of the Potomac Cavalry Corps.

He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on July 21, 1865 and mustered out Jan. 15, 1866.

After the war he managed a Louisiana sugar plantation for a year, then returned to Chicago and worked as the city'd paymaster and then started a stone and sand manufacturing company named Sherman, Haley & Co..  he was ruined in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 which forced him to seek business ventures elsewhere.

He later settled in Waukegan, Illinois, where he died in 1905.

--Old Secesh

The 88th Illinois Infantry Regiment

From Wikipedia.

John Peter, leading citizen and businessman in Algonquin, Illinois, in McHenry County belonged to the 88th Illinois Infantry Regiment which was organized at Camp Douglas in Chicago and mustered into Federal service on September 4, 1962 and saw heavy fighting until mustered out June 9, 1865, and discharged in Chicago.  (I have also recently writing about Camp Douglas while it was used as a Confederate prison.)

During the course of the war, the regiment had 5 officers and 98 enlisted men killed in action or mortally wounded.  In addition, another 4 officers and 84 enlisted men died of disease.

The 88th is sometimes referred to as the Second Board of Trade Regiment because of its support in raising it.

--Old Seecsh