Thursday, December 12, 2019
Taking command of Morgan's forces after his death is the man who is buried in front of John Hunt Morgan's grave at Lexington Cemetery: Gen Basil W. Duke.
Duke was Morgan's brother-in-law and had trained many of Morgan's raiders in the Ohio raid and was captured along with Morgan at the end of it. He was later exchanged and commanded the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry at Greenville before assuming overall command in the region.
At the end of the war, he was part of the group of Confederates who fled southward with Jefferson Davis.
After the war, he wrote a book about Morgan's Ohio raid and he also played a part in the preservation of the Battle of Shiloh land.
But, on the day of the Battle of Kingsport, Duke was in Bristol, Tennessee, so ill with influenza that eh was unfit for duty. Command of Confederate forces hen went to Col. Richard Morgan.
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
One of John Breckinridge's top commanders in East Tennessee and the man who originally commanded at Kingsport is buried near Breckenridge at Lexington Cemetery (Lexington, Ky.).
John Hunt Morgan led several raids into northern territory. The biggest one was in 1863 when he rode through Kentucky and across Indiana before he was finally captured in Ohio. His raid was the farthest north any Confederate military units got into the North during the war.
He then staged a daring prison break, tunneling out from Ohio Penitentiary, and returned to Confederate lines in Tennessee. Eventually he and his cavalry were placed under Breckenridge and stationed at Greenville.
If you visit Morgan's grave at Lexington Cemetery, take note of the date of his death: September 4, 1864. It was on that day that his command was surprised by the 13 Tennessee (U.S.) Cavalry at Greenville.
It was the same 13th Tennessee Cavalry that charged across the North Fork of the Holston River and attacked the Kentucky cavalry from the front, while Kingsport's Col. Samuel N.K. Patton and the 8th East Tennessee Cavalry (U.S.) attacked from behind after crossing the river farther north.
Monday, December 9, 2019
From the December 4, 2019, Kingsport (Tn) Times News "The Battle of Kingsport was a family affair" by Ned Jilton.
"There is a cemetery in Kentucky that has a lot of history surrounding the Battle of Kingsport (Tn)."
That cemetery is Lexington Cemetery in Lexington, Kentucky.
So, how does that relate to a Civil War battle in Tennessee?
The Confederate soldiers on the north bank of the Holston River were mostly cavalry from Kentucky. All of the top Confederate officers at that battle are buried near each other in Lexington. Most of them next to each other.
One of them is Major General John C. Breckinridge, a former U.S. vice president who lost to Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 presidential election. By 1864, he was in command of the East Tennessee-Southwest Virginia District and his main task was defend all the raw materials coming out of that region such as salt from Saltville, potassium nitrate (used in the manufacture of gun powder) from Wytheville and lead from Marion.
From the December 4, 2019, Bowling Green (Ky) Daily News Way Back in Warren County "In 1861, women asked to provide aid to Confederate hospital in Bowling Green."
An open letter to the December 2, 1861, Louisville (Ky) Courier Journal asked 'the ladies of Kentucky and northern Tennessee" for help in providing supplies and services to the Confederate hospital in Bowling Green.
Women were asked to form relief organizations, send needed supplies (such as bed clothes, bandages and soap) and volunteer at the hospital since "the sick chamber is destitute of its chief solace unless graced by the presence of your sex."
I find this surprising as I thought Louisville was under Union control at the time.
And, No Corvettes. --Old Secesh
Sunday, December 8, 2019
From December 6, 2019, WXOW 19, ABC News "Wisconsin Pearl Harbor survivor to release book detailing his life story" by Kevin Millard.
Will Lehner, 98, a prominent central Wisconsin World War II veteran planes to release his book "Legacy of a Pearl Harbor Survivor" on Saturday. A good day to do the release. He had help writing it from Patty Drier over 8 months.
He joined the Navy at age 17 and was later stationed at Pearl Harbor. "I was at Pearl when the war started." And, you could say he was there for the first shot of the war for the United States. Aboard the destroyer USS Ward, his ship attacked a Japanese submarine attempting to enter the harbor.
The confrontation took place several hours before the Japanese planes attacked. That submarine was found in 2002 by deep sea diver Terry Kirby and Lehner went to Pearl Harbor to go down 1200 feet to view it. "When I saw that submarine, the hair on the back of my neck stood up," said Lehner.
After Pearl Harbor, he took part in many Pacific Campaigns and battles until diagnosed with battle fatigue between 1944 and 1945.
Saturday, December 7, 2019
From the December 6, 2019, CNN International "Just 1 of 3 living Pearl Harbor survivors will be able to attend a ceremony marking the attack's 78th anniversary" by Leah Asmelash.
Lou Conter, 98, is in Pearl Harbor today. He is one of just three survivors of the USS Arizona still living. The USS Arizona had the single biggest loss of life in the attack, Just 334 men survived the attack. 1,177 died that day. Now, there are just three of those 334 still alive.
The other two survivors, Donald Stratton (97) and Ken Potts (99) were not well enough to attend.
Two Arizona survivors died in 2019: Lonnie Cook in July and Lauren Bruner in September.
Friday, December 6, 2019
September 9, 1864 report to War Department of movement of the 98th Ohio from May 2, 1864, to Sept. 8, 1864.
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
"In this charge Lieut, Col. James M. Shane was mortally wounded and died with an hour afterward. His loss was a severe one to the regiment. There was not one of us who did not love and confide in him.
"His true manly qualities won for him the respect and admiration of all who knew him here in the military circle of friendship. His country had no truer patriot, and when he found that he could serve it no longer against its enemies, he asked to be buried with his face toward them.
John S. Pearce, Lt.Col. Commanding
Evidently, there is a book of his letters written home from the war.
Branum, J.M. "Letters of Lieut. J.M. Branum from the 98th Ohio Vol. Inf." (New Castle, Pa. Warnock Brothers.) 1897.
Currently unavailable at Amazon.
Thursday, December 5, 2019
From Official Roster, 98th Ohio Infantry Regiment.
Losted as John M. Brannum (instead of Branum)
Listed as Ser. Major.
Enlisted July 20, 1862, age 21, for three years.
Promoted from private Co. C February 7, 1863 to 1st Lieutenant Co. C.
COMPANY C ROSTER
John M. Brannum
1st Lt., 21 July 30, 1862 for 3 years.
Promoted to Serg, Major from private Feb. 7, 1863; 1st Lieutenant Aug. 29, 1864. Killed March 19, 1865 in battle of Bentonville, N.C..
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Continuing with my Roadtrippin' Through History.
VERMA BLOOM-- actress. Played Mrs. Dean Wormer on "Animal House."
FREDERICK DOUGLASS-- Lived there after his escape from slavery.
CHARLES REMOND DOUGLASS-- His son. First Black to enlist in New York.
SUSAN STAFFORD-- Original hostess of "Wheel of Fortune" before Vanna White took over.
LESLEY STAHL-- "60 Minutes"
Just Trippin'. --Old Secesh
Pine Grove Cemetery in Lynn, Massachusetts: Two Other Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients Buried There
Besides John G.B. Adams, there are two other Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients buried at Pine Grove Cemetery.
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN FALLS
He was with Adams' 19th Massachusetts and received his Medal of Honor for action on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg where he captured a Confederate battle flag. Later, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Spottsyvania and died on May 12. 1864.
WILLIAM B. POOLE
Sailor on the USS Kearsarge who received his Medal of Honor for gallantry while he was a quartermaster and steering the ship at the helm in its fight with the CSS Alabama.
Monday, December 2, 2019
Whenever I write about a person and find out where they are buried, I like to go to that cemetery site and see if anyone else of interest is buried there. This is part of my "Road Trippin' Through History."
SOME INTERESTING PEOPLE BURIED AT LYNN, MASSACHUSETTS; PINE GROVE CEMETERY
HARRY AGGANIS-- Nicknamed the "Golden Greek." Made name for self playing at Boston University where he was the school's first-ever All American. His career with the Boston Red Sox was cut short by his death after just two seasons.
ELIHU THOMSON-- Famous inventor. Had about 700 electrical patents and founder of the Thomson Houston Electric Company which was a precursor of the General Electric Company.
FRANCIS MOORE-- Was undisguised at the Boston Tea Party. He was a baker and supplied bread to the Patriot Army as his own expense.
Friday, November 29, 2019
The Medal of Honor that Adams won was one of 18 awarded Union soldiers at the Battle of Fredericksburg. And seven soldiers in the 19th Massachusetts received them as well.
John Adams was later commanded to captain and commanded Company I of the 19th at Chancellorsville and was severely wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2. Returning in time o be at the battle of the Wilderness and then Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor, where the entire regiment was captured June 22, 1864.
Over the next nine months, he was held at Libby Prison and later Macon, Georgia, and Charleston, S.C., where he was placed on Morris Island to stop the naval bombardment.
The last place he was held at was Columbia, S.C., where he managed to escape, but was recaptured. He was a prisoner for nine months.
Adams is buried at Pine Grove Cemetery in Lynn, Massachusetts.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
This was my "Frank" question I gave in yesterday's post.
Enlisted as a private and eventually rose to the rank of Captain. Fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville,Gettysburg. He, along with his entire regiment was captured at the Battle of Cold Harbor and he was held in various Confederate prisons for nine months.
He was from Massachusetts and enlisted with the 19th Massachusetts Infantry.
Adams was one of 18 Union soldiers receiving Medals of Honor at the Battle of Fredericksburg, when as a corporal he recovered both the regimental and national flags after their bearers were mortally wounded. With a flag in each hand, he advanced toward the Confederate positions on Marye's Heights. The regiment reformed around him.
Of course, flag bearers were a natural targets in battles.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
5. Name the town on the north bank of the river that played an important role in the battle?
6. Failure of these to arrive on time helped doom Burnside's chances of victory?
7. Lee had two corps and a division of cavalry under him at the battle. Who commanded them?
Here is the Frank question. So named because Frank really comes up with really, really hard questions.
8. Who was John G.B. Adams?
6. pontoon bridges
7. Longstreet, Jackson and Stuart
8. Recipient of a Medal of Honor I'll write about him next.