The Battle of Fort Fisher, N.C.

Friday, February 27, 2015

Arlington Confederate Dead Reburied in North Carolina-- Part 3

The caskets were transferred to the Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad and greeted by the Suffolk Grays in Suffolk.

They arrived in Raleigh on October 16th, 1883 and were moved to the Capitol building and laid in state over night.  The Raleigh Light Infantry stood guard all night while people paid their respects.  In the morning, the Fayetteville Independent Light Artillery relieved them as guard of honor.  Banks of flowers were placed over the four caskets.

On October 17th, there was a funeral procession march up Fayetteville Street.  Upon arrival at Capitol Square, the Raleigh Light Infantry and Bingham cadets brought the caskets to the east side and placed them in a funeral car.

Then, there was the march to the cemetery past streets lined with people.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Arlington Confederate Dead Reburied in North Carolina-- Part 2

The caskets of the North Carolina Confederate dead were escorted through the streets of Alexandria, Virginia, by an honor guard and placed on the steamer George Leary.  Free transportation was the Potomac Steamboat Company.

When the caskets arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, they were met by the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, the Norfolk City Guard and old Confederate soldiers.  The procession passed by thousands.  Bells tolled and all flags were at half-mast.

When they arrived at Portsmouth, they were met by the Old Dominion Guards, Confederate veterans and the Ladies memorial Association.  Minute guns were fired by the Chambers Battery.

With Full Honors On Their Final Trip.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Confederate Soldiers' Tract Association: Religion in the Army

Yesterday, I mentioned in the blog entry about William W. Bennett, Methodist minister, that he was Superintendent of the Soldiers Tract Association at one time.  i was not aware of what that might mean, but since he was a preacher, imagined it must have something to do with Christianity.

I was not able to find any articles about the organization, but think it probably was centered on saving the soldiers' souls via becoming Christians.  This would probably include providing Bibles, hymnals and making sure there were enough chaplains for their needs.

It also probably had something to do with the evangelical revivals that swept through the Southern armies.

Just Thinking.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

The Arlington Confederate Dead Reburied in North Carolina-- Part 1

"The Arlington Dead in North Carolina" by Charles Purser.

The Raleigh Ladies' memorial Association, during the later part of September 1883, made arrangements to have North Carolina soldiers buried at Arlington National Cemetery returned home.

For 19 years they had been buried "in an almost secluded spot...their graves marked by a simple pine board on which was inscribed 'N.C. Rebel.""

In the first week of October 1883 the remains were disinterred and brought to Alexandria, Virginia, by undertaker Whitley and placed in four caskets for shipment to Raleigh.  Of course, there were many more than four bodies, but by then most of the bodies were no longer there.

--Old Secesh

Monday, February 23, 2015

Another Confederate Buried At Arlington National Cemetery: Chaplain W.W. Bennett

From the ANC site.

WILLIAM WOODHULL BENNETT, D.D.  Born 1821.  Methodist preacher.  Served in a variety of Methodist positions before, during and after the war.  Died 1887 and buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

He led the Centenary Methodist Church in Richmond, Virginia, from 1862-1863.  He then was Superintendent of the Soldier's Tract Association and a chaplain in the Confederate Army until the end of the war.

He ran the blockade out of Charleston in the winter of 1865 and went to England to procure Bibles for the Confederate Army.  He wrote :The Great Revival in Southern Armies."

A noted educator as well.

--Old Secesh

Saturday, February 21, 2015

The I.O.O.F.: Independent Order of Odd Fellows

From Wikipedia.

George Cadman was buried in the Laurel IOOF Cemetery in Madisonville, Ohio.  I have occasionally come across the group called Independent Order of Odd Fellows in my research.  There is also a marker for the Odd fellows Home in Goldsboro, N.C. on Ashe Street by Herman Park.  It was my understanding they had something to do with orphans.

The IOOF started in England in the 18th century and was founded in Baltimore, Maryland, on April 28, 1819.  Two of their primary goals were to establish residences for senior members and orphaned children.

The Civil War shattered the IOOF in the United States.  Membership dropped tremendously and many lodges were unable to continue their work, especially in the southern states.

--Old Secesh

Friday, February 20, 2015

I Found George Cadman at Laurel Cemetery Near Cincinnati

I found another, much larger Find-A-Grave site with a whole lot of names of people buried at Laurel Cemetery in Madisonville, Ohio.

They have a man by the name GEORGE H. CALDMAN  (b. 1823-D 1864) buried there.  Other than having his name misspelled, this must be the man I've been writing such much about.

The next time I'm in Cincinnati I'll have to visit his grave.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, February 19, 2015

One Important Internment at Madisonville's Laurel IOOF Cemetery: Alexander Duncan

According to Find-A-Grave.

ALEXANDER DUNCAN (1788-March 23, 1853)

U.S. Congressman, physician.  Born Born Bottle Hill, now Madison, New Jersey.  Studied medicine and started a practice.  Moved to Cincinnati and continued his profession.  Elected to the Ohio State Senate and served 1832-1834.

Elected to Ohio's 1st District U.S. House of Representatives as a member of the Democrat party and served 1836-1841 and 1843-1845.

His father, James Duncan, was a minister and abolitionist in Indiana.

--Old Secesh

George Hovey Cadman-- Part 6

Find-A-Grave did not mention Cadman in 21 results it had for the Laurel IOOF Cemetery in Madisonvile, Ohio, Cadman's final resting place according to the Roots Web "Ancestors of Craig Rice and Related Families" article.

IOOF stands for the International Order of Odd Fellows, an old organization.  I know in Goldsboro, N.C., where I was born there was an Odd Fellows Home, part of that organization.

It is located at 5915 Roe Street in Madisonville in Hamilton County.  It was established in 1863 by the Laurel Lodge I.O.O.F 191 and is still active as a cemetery with 2686 internments.

Perhaps I need to find a bigger list of intenments.

--Old Secesh

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

George Hovey Cadman, 39th Ohio-- Part 5

His original letters can be found at the University of North Carolina--Chapel Hill Libraries in the Southern Historical Society Papers.  I came across them in the UNC's Civil War day By Day blog.

Army records described him as "eyes hazel. hair dark, complexion fair, height five feet seven inches.

He died in a field hospital at Marietta, Georgia, established at Saint James Episcopal and he died while lying on a wooden pew in the gallery, third pew from the rear on the right side.

St. James Episcopal Church is still there at 161  St. NE, Marietta, Georgia.

--Old Secesh

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

George Hovey Cadman, 39th Ohio-- Part 4

George Hovey Cadman died of sunstroke 17 September 1864 in Marietta, Georgia, and was buried at the military cemetery there.  His body was removed and later reinterred at Old Duck Cemetery in Cincinnati on what became Edmundson Road in Norwood.

Years later, his body was again removed along with his second son George John Cadman and laid to rest at the family plot in the Laurel Cemetery in Madisonville, Ohio, near Cincinnati.

--Old n

Monday, February 16, 2015

Columbia (S.C.) Looks Back at Horrific End to Civil War-- Part 2

Columbia is in the midst of a look back at those days and is engaging both residents and visitors about the Civil War, slavery, reconstruction and where the city is now.

Special events include lectures and performances, including exhibits of war artifacts at the South Carolina State Museum and the Confederate State Relic Room & Military Museum.

The movies "Selma," "Gone With the Wind" and "Gone With the Wind REDUX" will be shown.

Both Columbia, the capital of the state and Charleston, where the Civil War began, fell on the same day.  I have been writing about Charleston in my Running the Blockade: Civil War Naval Blog.

A photo of the 1818 Hampton-Preston Mansion accompanies the article.  It escaped burning.

--Old Secesh

Columbia Looks Back at Horrific End to Civil War-- Part 1

From the February 1, 2015, Chicago Tribune Travel Section "S.C. town looks back at horrific end to Civil War" by Terry Gardner.

Most people know about Union General Sherman's troops burning Atlanta and the path of destruction they leveled across Georgia during their March to the Sea.  But fewer still know that Sherman also burned Columbia, S.C..

At least some think so, but their is also the possibility that drunken Confederates set fire to the first cotton bale as they retreated from the town.

Columbia will be commemorating the 150th anniversary of its burning this month and the question of who did it remains.

It is generally agreed that Columbia surrendered on the morning of Feb. 17, 1865.  Huge bales of cotton lined many streets and the fires began that night.  But why the cotton was there and who lit the first bale is still open for discussion.

--Old Secesh

Saturday, February 14, 2015

George Hovey Cadman-- Part 3

George Hovey Cadman died of sunstroke in Marietta, Georgia 17 September 1864.

During the period of time between George Cadman's letter about his drunken Col. Noyes in June 1864 before Kennesaw Mountain and his death, , his 39th Ohio was involved in these military operations:  From Wikipedia.

June 10-July 2--  Operations around Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain.
June 27th--  Assault on Kennesaw Mountain.
July 2-5--  Nickajack Creek
July 3-4--  Ruff's Mills
July 5-17--  Chattahoochie River
July 22--  Battle of Atlanta
July 22-August 25--  Siege of Atlanta.
August 25-30--  Flank Movement on Jonesboro.
August 31-September 1--  Battle of Jonesboro
September 2-6--  Lovejoy's Station

After his death:

September 29-Nov. 3--  Operations against Hood in northern Georgia.

Then, the question arises, when did George Cadman get his fatal sunstroke?

--Old Secesh

Friday, February 13, 2015

Death By Sunstroke in the Civil War

I did a Yahoo! Search on deaths by sunstroke and came up with several different locations.

Most, including the Civil War Site,  list the deaths attributed to sunstroke at 313.  I'd never heard of that as cause for Civil War deaths before reading about George Cadman.

Of interest, other causes of death in Union ranks:

Murdered--  520
Suicides--  391
Military Executions--   267
Unclassified--  14, 155

Learning Something New All the Time.  --Old Secesh

George Hovey Cadman-- Part 2: Died of Sunstroke and Body Brought Back to Cincinnati

George Cadman reenlisted 26 December 1863 and died at Marietta, Georgia, on 17 September 1864 of sunstroke and was buried in the military cemetery there, but reinterred at Old Duck Creek Cemetery in Cincinnati on what later became Edmondson Road in Norwood.

Well, that takes care of what he died of, though sunstroke is a far different cause than I had expected.  I would have figured he would have died from his wounds.

This also clears up why he is not listed among the dead at the Marietta National Cemetery.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, February 12, 2015

I Finally Found a Site on George Hovey Cadman-- Part 1: A Cincinnati Connection

From the roots web Ancestors of Craig Rice and Related Families.


George Hovey Cadman was a silk weaver by trade.  He left Liverpool, England on the ship Benjamin Adams 1 December 1856 and after a long, stormy crossing, arrived in New York City 30 January 1858.  He then went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he joined some friends and Alfred Bouchards, who he knew from England.  These friends were farmers living a few miles from the city.

His wife Esther and two sons joined him there in 1858.

Even though he was 39 years old, when the Civil War began he joined the 39th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Company B, on 9 August 1862, enlisting as a private.  He was warranted to corporal 19 January 1863.

--More to Come.  --Old Secesh

George Cadman's Death

From The Railroad Wart.

George Hovey Cadman of the 39th Ohio Infantry died at Marietta, Georgia on September 17, 1864 of wounds received in the Battles Around Atlanta.He was in Company B of the 39th Ohio which consisted of many men from Marietta, Ohio.

I am still unable to find his burial site as he is not listed as being buried at the Marietta National Cemetery.  I am thinking perhaps his body was recovered from the cemetery by the railroad or perhaps it was removed back to Ohio by his family.

But at least I now have a date for his death.

--Old Secesh

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

In Case You're Wondering About "Secesh"

In the last entry, George Hovey Cadman referred to the southerners at the ball he went to as "Secesh."

This is not a common tern anymore.  Back when I was teaching, another teacher came to me with a letter from the Civil War written by one of her relatives on the Northern side during the Civil War.  It mentioned "Secesh" and she wanted to know what it meant.  I told her it referred to Southerners (Confederates, rebels).

The Southern states wanted to secede from the Union.  The act was called secession and the slang word "Secesh" grew out of it.

That is also my sign-off name.

In Case You're Wondering.  --Old Secesh

George Cadman Goes to a Ball in Memphis and Gets in a Fight: "Secesh and As Saucy As the Devil"

Letter home to his wife Esther on October 3, 1863 talking about a ball he went to in Memphis.

"...I don't think I told you in my last letter, but I went to a Ball last Saturday night.  There were some six of our company there.  Unluckily the parties at the Ball were all Secesh and a saucy as the devil.  There were a few Soldiers besides Co. B and after they had paid a Dollar for admittance they were not allowed the privilege of dancing.

"The boys bore it patiently for about two hours, but finding that forebearance had ceased to be a Virtue, they or rather we took and cleaned out the whole pile.  It ain't often I mix in a fuss, but I thought the confoundable rebels had gone far enough, for the reason assigned for not permitting the men to dance was because they were Union Soldiers.

"You never saw a place emptied so quick in your life.  One fellow trying to get out in a hurry fell into the Wood Box stern first and got jammed, his head stuck out at one end and his heels on the other.  We had to pull him out of the Box for he was a prisoner there."

Hey, Secesh!  Those Are My Unfriendly Folks.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, February 10, 2015

A Place to Find George Hovey Cadman's Letters

I came across a book of his letters dating to 1864.  It is titles "A Cockney's Gift to America and was compiled by George E. Cadman in 1968.

I would imagine this George E. Cadman to be a direct descendant.

George Hovey Cadman was a corporal when he wrote about the drinking and debauchery at Memphis in 1863.

He was very obviously a very literate man.

You can also find his papers at the University of North Carolina--Chapel Hill library, evidently in the Southern Historical Society Papers.  How the papers of a man from the 39th Ohio Infantry Regiment got there is anybody's guess.

--Old Secesh

Monday, February 9, 2015

Death of Gen. Philip Sheridan in 1888-- Part 4

Sheridan's body was returned to Washington, D.C., and he was buried on a hillside facing the city near Arlington House in Arlington National Cemetery.

The sculpture for him was designed by English sculptor Samuel James Kitson.  His burial at the cemetery helped elevate Arlington National Cemetery to national prominence.

His wife Irene never remarried, saying, "I would rather be the widow of Phil Sheridan than the wife of any man living."

She died February 24, 1928, the last living wife of any of the major Union generals (of course, she was born in 1856, before marrying the much older Sheridan in 1875).  She is buried next to her beloved husband in Section E.2, Site S-1.

--Old Secesh

Death of Gen. Philip Sheridan-- Part 3

From Wikipedia.

The general suffered from a series of massive heart attacks two months after he sent his finished memoirs to the publisher.  He was at the time 57 years of age and hard living and hard campaigning as well as a life long love of good food and drink had taken its toll.  Thin in youth, Sheridan now weighed over 200 pounds and they didn't call him "Little Phil" for nothing.

After his first heart attack, Congress quickly passed legislation raising him to the rank of full general.

He moved from the heat of Washington, D.C., to the Nonquits section of Dartmouth, Massachusetts, where he died of heart failure August 5, 1888.

--  Old Secesh

Saturday, February 7, 2015

Death of Phil Sheridan in 1888-- Part 2

"Nonquitt, Mass., Aug. 5--Gen. Sheridan is dead.  The end came suddenly and unexpectedly at 10:20 tonight from heart trouble.  Previous to the sudden appearance of heart failure at about 9:30, there had been no premonitions today of any unfavorable change in his condition.

"The weather had been warmer than usual and the general was at times a little restless, but seemed generally bright and cheerful today.  His voice was strong, he took full supply of nourishment, slept occasionally as usual, and the doctors and his family were in hopeful spirits.

"At 7 o'clock Mrs. Sheridan and the doctors went to the hotel for supper, and soon after their return the usual preparations for the night were made.  At about 9:30 Col. Sheridan said "Good-night" to his brother and went to the hotel, there having been through the day no sign whatever of any unfavorable change in his condition."

Very Minute Reporting.  --Old Secesh

Friday, February 6, 2015

Death of Phil Sheridan in 1888-- Part 1

From the Chicago Tribune.

Philip Sheridan died August 5, 1888.



When the Doctors Were Full of Hope that Complete Recovery Was Possible Heart Failure Set In and the Usual Remedies Resorted To Proved Unavailing--The End Peaceful and Painless--The Gallant General's Last Hours--A Sketch of His Life and Deeds."

--Old Secesh

General Philip Sheridan

From the Dec. 14, 2014, Chicago Tribune "Why It's Called Sheridan Road" by Ron Grossman.

General "Sheridan had a penchant for galloping to the scene of a potential disaster to snatch victory from the jaws of defeat.  The statue (of him) at Belmont and Sheridan (roads in Chicago) depicts him at the Battle of Cedar Creek, Va., rallying his panicked soldiers.  'Face the other way, men!' he repeatedly told them, according to the Tribune.

"'We're going back to our camp tonight or I'll sleep in hell!'  He had been away from his troops, conferring with superiors in Washington, and heard the sounds of battle as he was returning via Winchester, Va.

"Then came band after band of terrified soldiers fleeing what surely seemed like a lots battle.  (Fortunately the Confederates had stopped pursuing and were plundering the Union camps.)  Had not Sheridan persuaded them to give it one more try, the Rebels would have advanced on the Union capital.

"Instead, Sheridan's victory helped seal the Confederacy's fate and made the reputation of the diminutive (his men called him 'Little Phil') as one of America's legendary generals."

--Old secesh

Marietta National Cemetery: Is George Cadman's Body There?

From Find-A-Grave.

I was looking to see if George Cadman's body was at the national cemetery.

It was originally known as "The Marietta and Atlanta National Cemetery" and established in 1866 for the 10,000 Union dead from Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.

The site of the cemetery was one time proposed as the new Capitol of the Confederate States of America.

I went through the list of bodies buried there but did not come across George Cadman's name.  Perhaps Mr. Cadman was still buried near the railroad in Marietta as the Geog. Gear stated and maybe this wasn't a part of the Marietta National Cemetery.  Also, perhaps Cadman's wife Esther was inquiring as to his burial spot because she intended to have his body brought home.

Or, maybe he is buried at the national cemetery and body misidentified?

I still don't know the exact date of his death or cause.

--Old Secesh

Thursday, February 5, 2015

Too Bad There Is No Letter from Esther Cadman: More Questions

I would definitely like to have seen the letter that Georg. R. Gear was replying to in the previous blog entry.  When did George Cadman die?  How did he die?

With the locating of Cadman's grave, was Esther planning on bringing the body home for burial?

I also am not sure what was meant by her "double sore bereavement"?  Had she also lost another relative, perhaps a son since George Hovey was born in 1823 and would have been 41 at his death.  Perhaps there was a son also killed?

Always Questions.  --Old Secesh

Death of George Hovey Cadman-- Part 2: Burial

19 January 1865 letter from Geog. Gear to Esther Cadman.

He started by saying he didn't know much about Cadman's death, but would relate what he did know.

"The Surgeon's name who attended him was Davis.  He belongs to the 17th New York, now in the 14th Corps.

"George was buried decently in the burial spot occupied by the 4th Division, 16th Corps.  A neat head board marks his grave.  A fence surrounds the burial spot.  It is on the outer edge of Marietta, on the left hand side of the Railroad as you come in from the north.

"Again expressing my sympathy for you in your double sore bereavement.

Geog. R. Gear."

I Came Across What Happened to George Cadman-- Part 1: Death

From 19 January 2015, UNC Library Civil War Day By Day.

Exactly the reason why there were no more letters from George Cadman.

A letter from Geog. R. Gear replying to a Nov. 7, 1864 letter from Esther Cadman asking for information about the particulars of George Cadman's death.

George Gear apologized for now replying sooner, but was writing from Savannah and said he had been too busy to do so in the meantime (Sherman's March to the Sea).  At that time, Sherman was preparing for his Carolinas Campaign.

Evidently, he had died at some time between June and November. The letter did mention that he was buried at Marietta, Georgia, outside of Atlanta.

--Old Secesh

George Hovey Cadwell: What Happened to Him?

I have been writing about the interesting letters written from this man to his wife.  He was very eloquent and schooled compared to many of his fellow enlisted soldiers.

I found no letters from George Cadman after June 1864.  I did find that he was born 18 July 1823 in London, England.  Another source listed relatives of his born in Cincinnati between 1884 and 1898.

There was a William Cadman who emigrated with his parents to the United States around 1858 with his parents George Hovey and Esther Cadman.  Son.

Perhaps he died at some point after June 1864.


Wednesday, February 4, 2015

War of 1812 Ship Fights in the Civil War

Well, part of it anyway.

In my Not So Forgotten: War of 1812 blog I wrote about the USS Macedonian which was in both wars, at least part of it.

The HMS Macedonian was captured by the USS United States in one of those famous frigate vs. frigate battles during the War of 1812.  It became the USS Macedonian and served decommissioned in the and taken apart.  Its keel was used for the new USS Macedonian which helped open Japan and during the Civil War was at Pensacola, cruised the Gulf and went looking for the commerce raider CSS Southerner according to Wikipedia, but I think most likely it was the CSS Alabama.

I posted two entries about it over the last two days in the War of 1812 blog.

--Old Secesh

A War of 1812 Connection: the ap Catesby Jones Family

In the last week, I have been writing about War of 1812 Navy commander Thomas Catesby ap Jones and his brother, U.S. Army commander Roger ap Catesby Jones.  The name Catesby ap is not very common made me think of Civil War Confederate officer Catesby ap Roger Jones who commanded the CSS Virginia in its epic battle with the USS Monitor.

It turns out that Catesby ap Roger Jones is the son of Roger ap Catesby Jones.  The Catesby ap means son of and is Welch language.

Another of Roger ap Catesby Jones' sons served on the CSS Tennessee.

The lives of Roger and Thomas Catesby ap Jones can be found in my Not so Forgotten: War of 1812 blog for today and this past week.

--Old Secesh

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Ohio's 39th Infantry

The 39th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized in Camp Dennison at Cincinnati.

The 39th Ohio stayed at Memphis, Tennessee, which George Cadman  found so odious, and were not sent to Vicksburg as he expected.  They stayed there from May to October, 1863.  Then they were posted to Prospect, Tennessee until February 1864 where they reenlisted.

They took part in Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and were at the Battle of Resaca May 14-15.

They were outside Marietta, Georgia, from June 10 to July 2nd and at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain on June 27th.

George Cadman's papers, which are at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, stopped after June which leads me to believe that perhaps he was killed or died.  Maybe he just quit writing because of the pressure of campaigning.  I'll have to do more research.

The 39th Ohio participated in the rest of the Battle of Atlanta and its capture

They were at the Battle of Bentonville in North Carolina March 20-21, 1865, the occupation of Goldsboro, Raleigh and Johnston's surrender at Bennett Place in North Carolina.

A Mystery.  --Old Secesh

The Scourge of Whisky and Loose Women in Memphis-- Part 4: "Sell themselves and a Bottle of Liquor for a Dollar"

Continuing with George Cadman's letter to his wife.

I have come across mention that he was born and grew up in England which probably was why he made use of the 'habitues of Wapping and Shadwell" phrase.

"I shall be glad when we get orders for Vicksburg which I expect is our ultimate Destination, for here we have nothing but prisoners.  We cannot go more than 50 yards from our Camp without a pass, only in consequence of the misconduct of our Regt. in the Guard House, for offenses committed while Drunk.

"Even now women come to the very Guard line with their bodies strung round with Whisky under their clothes to sell themselves and a bottle of Liquor for a Dollar.  For the first few nights we could get no sleep for the cursing of the men [and] screaming of women and the firing of pistols outside our camp."

The 39th, Making Up for Lost Time.  --Old Secesh

Monday, February 2, 2015

The Scourge of Whiskey and Loose Women in Memphis-- Part 3: Shadwell and Habitues

Of interest there is a Wapping Elementary School in the South Windsor Public Schools with motto "Developing Children Who Are Confident, Capable, Caring and Cooperative."  Evidently the term no longer reflects what the slang used to do.

As far as Shadwell, Wikipedia says it is a district in East London on the north bank of the Thames River near Wapping.  This is also a big maritime area.  In the 19th century large numbers of lascar seamen were brought over from India by the East India Company and lived in Shadwell.

So this would be another area where you find lots of sailors.

The word "habitues" means a frequent or habitual visitor to a place.

--Old Secesh

The Scourge of Whiskey and Loose Women at Memphis- Part 2: "Habitues of Wapping and Shadwell"

Continuing with George Cadman's letter to his wife.  I kind of have to wonder why he wrote his wife about this particular thing.  It couldn't have settled her worries for her husband.

"One [company] got all its men in the Block (military prison) but three.  Our men were not quite as bad as that that, but the biggest part was drunk, in fact drunkenness was the order of the day, so you may form some idea of what the camp was like and with some Hundreds of the most Abandoned women in the world to add to this evil influence, I thought the habitues of Wapping and Shadwell were bad enough, but the Harpies of this place beat them all hollow."

Okay, I wasn't sure what he exactly meant by "habitues of Wapping and Shadwell" so looked them up even though I had a definite idea of what George Cadman was referring to.

The dictionary said "Wap" originally meant a hit or blow.  In slang between 1560-1730, it meant to copulate (usually used in reference to women.

Wikipedia said that Wapping is a district in East London, England, located by the Thames River whose proximity :"has given it a strong maritime character."  Many of the original buildings of Wapping were destroyed when the London Docks were built and many more during the Battle of Britain in World War II.

Let's see, what two things might attract a sailor after a long sea voyage.

Sunday, February 1, 2015

The Scourge of Whisky and Loose Women at Memphis-- Part 1: "Did Not Take Them Long to Raise Hell Generally"

From the Mash Notes site.

I came across another letter written by George Hovey Cadman.  This one was a year earlier in 1863 and written from Memphis, Tennessee.  His 39th Ohio had just arrived at Memphis and he described what happened next.

George Cadman was a very literate man, even more so as an enlisted man than some officers.

Letter to his wife dated May 1863.

"When we arrived in Memphis our trouble began.  Women and whisky are plentiful here, and the men had been so long debarred from both that it did not take them long to raise Hell generally.

"Never did I see such a scene before in my life, and hope to God I never  may again for some days, in spite of all the Endeavors of the Colonel (Noyes?) who did his utmost to preserve discipline, the Camp was a wild scene of Debauchery."

The 39th Came to Party.   --Old Secesh

The Atlanta Campaign-- Part 3: "In More Danger From Our Own Battery"

Sunday June 26, 1864:

"3 P.M.  Everything has been very quiet today, considering.  There has not been much cannonading, and I was very glad of it, for it is not pleasant to sit writing when the shells are whizzing over your head.

"Our regiment is in more danger from our own battery in the rear than from the rebels in front.  Sometimes the fuse is defective, and the shell bursts almost as soon as it leaves the gun.

"None of our boys have been brought in from the skirmish line yet, so I suppose they are all right.  We have not had a man hurt yet from our company in this campaign though some of them have been hit.  We have had but one die of sickness, so I think we have been fortunate.

"And now let me conclude these rambling notes by assuring you of my love and my earnest desire for the war to come to an end, that we may pass the remainder of our lives together in peace and happiness.

"Your affectionate husband, GH Cadman"

Sadly, he died a few months after he wrote tghe letter.  I am still trying to find out the circumstances.

--Old Secesh