Friday, May 31, 2013

James H. Parker, Goldsboro Rifles-- Part 2

From the January 25, 1864, Fayetteville Observer.

"He gave up his life upon the ill-fated field of Bristow, where with his comrades he had breasted a perfect storm of shot and shell unhurt, until given the order to fall back, in doing so, he lingered to assist in conveying from the field the body of his Captain, who was mortally wounded, and while thus engaged, the fatal bullet pierced his head, and he yielded up his life to God who gave it.

He is gone, and braver man has not fallen during this wicked and relentless war which is now being waged against us by our vandal foes of the north."

Giving His Life for His Country and Family.  --Old Secesh.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

James H. Parker, Goldsboro Rifles-- Part 1

From the antietam.aotw.org. site.

There was a picture of James Parker and his wife Francis in the article from the February 28, 2013, Goldsboro (NC) News-Argus.  This is the one where I got so much information in my Confederate Legacy blog entries over this past month.

I came across some more information on the man.

JAMES H. PARKER, 27TH NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY

James Parker enlisted in the Goldsboro Rifles from Goldsboro, NC.  The company later became Co. A of the 27th NC Infantry on 15 April 1861.

At Antietam, he was wounded in the arm in action September 17, 1862, called the Battle of Sharpsburg by the South.

Private Parker was killed at the Battle of Bristoe (Bristow) Station, Virginia on October 14, 1863.  He had also been at the Battle of Fredericksburg in Virginia.

Gave His Life Defending His Family and Country.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

The Battle of Boydton Plank Road

From Wikipedia.

The Battle of Boydton Plank Road is also known as the 1st Battle of Hatcher's Run and was fought October 27-28, 1864.  Levi Schlegel's 198th Pennsylvania was heavily involved in the fight.

The battle was an attempt by the Union Army to seize the Boydton Plank Road and cut off supplies coming to Lee's Army at Petersnurg that came in on the South Side Railroad, a critical supply line for the Confederates.

Old Secesh

Some More On Private Levi Schlegel's Ring

From the April 10, 2013 Reading (Pa) Eagle "Berks & Beyond."

The ring was found by relic-hunter John Blue.  Over his thirty years of digging, he has found a lot of items, but this 2005 find was the first time he was able to track down the original owner's family. 

He found it while looking at a Virginia construction site.  "When you have a metal detector in your car, and you pass a construction site, you stop,' he said.  Thankfully he did or the ring would most likely have been lost forever.

The ring read on the outside "Levi Schlegel, Co. G, 198th  P.V.".  The P.V. stood for Pennsylvania Volunteers.

A Virginia geneaologist helped him find Ernie Schlegel, descendant and library trustee at the Reading Library.

Levi Schlegel was a carpenter by trade.

Some Almost Lost History.  Thanks Mr. Blue.  --Old Secesh



Thursday, May 23, 2013

Fighting With Private Schlegel-- Part 2

Private Levi Schlegel was in Company G, 198th Pennsylvania Infantry.  Company officers:

Captain William T. Guinther
1st Lt. John B. Sauermilch
2nd Lt.  Jeremiah C. Keller

NCO:

1st Sgt. Jonas Eckert

Of interest, there were four other privates with Levi as a first name in Company G.

During the fighting, the 198th lost 6 officers, 67 enlisted killed in action or mortally wounded.  Another 14 enlisted men died from disease.  Total: 117.

Old Secesh

Fighting With Private Schlegel, 198th Pa.

Continuing with the story of Private Schlegel's Discovered Ring.

From the Family2Remember site which had two members in the 198th Pennsylvania.  The regiment was organized in Philadelphia and accepted into service September 9, 1864.  They left for Petersburg, Virginia September 19th and were assigned to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division of the 5th Army Corps.

September 1864: Siege of Petersburg
Sept- 29-Oct. 2:  Poplar Springs Church
Oct. 8: Reconnaissance to Boydton Road

Oct. 27-28:  Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run
Dec. 7-12:  Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad

Feb. 5-7, 1865:  Dabner's Mills, Hatcher's Run
March 29, 1865:  Junction, Quaker and Boydton Roads
March 29:  Lewis' Farm near Boydton Road

March 30-31:  White Oak Road
April 1:  Five Forks
April 9:  Lee's surrender at Appomattox

May 1-12:  March to Washington, DC.  Private Schlegel lost his ring during this time.
May 23:  Grand Review
June 4, 1865:  Mustered Out

Quite a busy regiment, especially the last 11 days of the fighting.

Old Secesh



Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Civil War Ring Returned-- Part 4: Private Schlegel's Ring

In the final months of the war, the 198th Pennsylvania saw a lot of action.  They fought hand-to-hand at the Battle of Hatcher's Run.  Then they fought at Quaker Road, White Oak Ridge, Five Forks.  They lost officers Major Charles J. Meceum and captains George W, Mulfrey and Isaac Schroeder.

After lee's surrender, the unit marched through Fredericksburg on May 9, 1865.  This is where Private Levi Schlegel parted with the ring for some reason.  They then continued on to Washington, DC and then took the train  to Philadelphia and were mustered out of service June 12, 1865.

Schlegel came home to Reading, married and had eleven children.  He died at age 91 in 1932 and is buried alongside his wife at the 167-year-old Charles Evans Cemetery.

One of Those Little Stories That make the War So Interesting.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Civil War Ring Returned: Private Schlegel's Ring-- Part 3: Identifying Yourself

By the time Private Schlegel's new regiment got to the front lines, it was a time of trench warfare.

Identity rings like his were one of several ways soldiers used to identify themselves in case they were killed.  Their name, company and regiment would be etched on the outside and was probably worn on the pinky finger.  Soldiers could also wear identity discs around their necks, much more like today's dogtags.

Private Schlegel's appears to be made of silver.

Some soldiers simply wrote their names on a piece of paper that they pinned to their uniforms.

Considering the large numbers of unidentified soldiers buried on both sides, especially after battles, identification was a major issue during the war.

Old Secesh

Monday, May 20, 2013

Civil War Ring Returned-- Part 2: Levi Schlegel's Ring

From the April 9, 2013, Washington Post.

How did one private Levi Schlegal come to lose a ring with his name, company and regiment on it way back then?  This ring essentially was the Civil War version of dogtags.  The ring was found near Fredericksburg, a place Mr. Schlegel only passed through a month after the war ended on his way home.

Was it misplaced in camp?  Did he figure that with the fighting over, he didn't need it anymore?

No one will ever know for sure as Private Schlegel died a lot of years ago.

It was found back in 2005.

What is known is that Levi Schlegal was 21 when he enlisted in the 167th Pennsylvania in 1862, a nine month regiment that was disbanded in August 1863 without seeing too much action.

In September 1864, he signed up again in the 198th Pennsylvania, recruited in Berks County, Pennsylvania, where Reading is loacted.  Many in his company, like Schlegel, were 18th century German immigrants like Reuben Reifsnyder, Alfred Seiple, Augustus Shupert and Annes Sicher.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Saturday, May 18, 2013

Heritage Attack: Flag at Old North Carolina Capitol Comes Down-- Part 3

State Historic Sites Director Keith Hardison came to North Carolina in 2006, he was director at the Biloxi, Mississippi home of Jefferson Davis, Beauvoir, which is operated by the Mississippi Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV).  The SCV believe in the proud display of the Confederate battle  flag as a symbol of heritage, not hate.  Sadly, certain hate groups will wave the flag in confrontations with blacks.

Hardison said the display of the Confederate flag, along with a United States flag captured from Union troops at the Battle of Plymouth, was described in the diary of a North Carolina woman who visited the capitol in Raleigh back then.

Old Secesh



Friday, May 17, 2013

Heritage Attack: Flag in North Carolina's Old Capitol Comes Down-- Part 2

The decision to take it down came about fast from Governor Pat McCrory who initially defended it, but you-know-who considered it "as a potent reminder of racial discrimination and bigotry."

State Historic Sites Director Keith Hardison, said the flags should be viewed in their proper historical context,  "Our goal is not to create issues"

Of course, North Carolina NAACP president William Barber was shocked when he saw a photo of the flag on AP.  "He is right that it has a historical context.  But what is that history? The history of racism.  The history of lynchings.  The history of slavery.  If you say that shouldn't be offensive, then either you don't know the history, or you are denying the history."

The Old State Capitol is no longer used as the General Assembly moved to the new building a half century ago.

The presence of Confederate flags at state government buildings has long been an issue throughout the South.  The NAACP has even boycotted South Carolina over it.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, May 16, 2013

Civil War Ring Returned-- Part 1

From the April 8, 2013, WFMZ (Pa) News "Civil War ring found in Virginia given to owner's descendant in Berks" by Kevin Fitzsimmons.

John Blue found a Civil War ring using a metal detector in Virginia which had the name Levi Schlegel on it.  He did some research and eventually found a descendant in Reading, Pennsylvania.  Ernest Schlegel is a trustee at the Reading Public Library.

The two met Tuesday at Levi Schlegel's garve and the ring was returned to his family after all these years.

Levi Schlegel was born in 1841 and lived until 1932.

I'll need to find out some more on this story.

Now This Is an Interesting Story.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, May 15, 2013

Heritage Attack: Flag in North Carolina's Old Capitol Comes Down-- Part 1

From the March 31, 2013, Goldsboro (NC) News-Argus  "Confederate flag at old capitol coming down: The Rev. William Barber says flag is history, but history of racism is offensive" by Michael Biesecker, AP.

A Confederate flag was hung inside the old North Carolina State Capitol last week to mark the sesquicentennial of the Civil War, but it is now being taken down because of protests from civil rights people.

The decision was announced Friday, just hours after an AP story about it.  State officials said it was to replicate how the building looked in 1863.  The flag was to hang there until April 2015, the 150th anniversary of the capture of Raleigh by Union troops.

The exhibit, then was to be temporary and now will probably be moved across the street to the NC Museum of History.  Of course, the same people will again protest it for the same reasons.

So, it will have to be moved again.

Getting Ridiculous.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Confederate Legacy

This was quite a long and involved bit of research on the part of the Goldsboro (NC) News-Argus.  I am very appreciative of it and it sure took awhile to write about it.

Definitely I will be going to the Wayne County  Library, just a couple blocks from my mom's home and do some research the next time I'm in town.  And, I especially want to research companies F and I of the 1st North Carolina Artillery, "Andrews' Battery" and "Herring's Artillery."  Both were at Fort Fisher.

Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy: The Boys Who Fell-- Part 19

Men from Goldsboro and Wayne County, NC, who gave their loves for their country.


CO. H, 2ND NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY REGIMENT

Pvt.  Young C. Blackmon
Sgt.  Thomas Carraway
Pvt. James W. Deans
1st Sgt. Epaminondas W. DeFord
Sgt. James W. Elmore
Pvt. Calvin Fields
Pvt.  Antone Fladung
Pvt.  Lewis Grady
Sgt.  Robert W. Henry
Sgt.  Joseph R. Herring
Pvt.  Samuel Hines
Pvt.  William Hines
Pvt.  James H. Hinson
Pvt.  Richard Lisson
Pvt. Nathan R. Pike
Pvt.  John W. Sanderson
Pvt.  William Sutherland
Pvt.  Ashley Wiggs

 CO. H, 1ST NORTH CAROLINA CAVALRY

Pvt.  John A. Klapp
Pvt.  Benejah Price
Pvt.  John E. Smith


CO. F, 1ST NORTH CAROLINA ARTILLERY

Pvt.  Benjamin Coombs
Pvt.  Robert W. Worrell

They Gave Their Lives.  --Old Secesh

Monday, May 13, 2013

Confederate Legacy: The Boys Who Fell-- Part 18

CO. C, 2ND NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY REGIMENT

1st Lt. George W. Britt
Pvt.  John T. King
Pvt.  James H. Kornegay
Pvt.  Rigden J. Martin
Pvt.  William B. Martin
Pvt.  Robert D. Price


CO. D,  2ND NORTH CAROLINA  INFANTRY REGIMENT

Pvt.   James G. Barrow
Pvt.  Patrick Darden
Pvt.  James M. Hooks
Pvt.  Lawrence Pope
Pvt.  Frederick Sauls

CO. I, 35TH NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY REGIMENT

Capt. William A. Ellis
2nd Lt.  Joseph P. Jones
Pvt.  James W. Boyette
Pvt.  Ervin E. Coombs
Sgt.  Needham Forehand
Pvt.  Justus G. Jones
1st Sgt.  John L. Oliver
Cpl. Elijah Pate
Pvt.  Alexander Vinson

Their Lives for Their Country.  --Old Secesh

Saturday, May 11, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 17: The Boys Who Fell

Continuing with the lists of Confederate soldiers from Goldsboro and Wayne County, NC, who gave their lives for their country.

CO. K, 27TH NC INFANTRY

3rd Lt. Gabriel Johnson
Pvt. James F. Allen
Pvt. John Bass
Sgt. James Beaman
Sgt. Robert H. Best
Pvt. Thomas G.Horne
Sgt. John J. Mattox
Pvt. Joseph E. Parks
Pvt. William Sauls


CO. D, 4TH NC

2nd Lt. Robert A. Best
2nd Lt James C Cotton
Pvt. Henry Bartlett
Pvt. William Boyett
Pvt. Ira Combs
Pvt. Ashley Dickson
Pvt. James M. Harris
Pvt. Robert W. Joyner
Pvt. DeWitt C. Pate
Pvt. James Sanderson
Pvt. Stephen Waters
Sgt. Benjamin Whitley
Pvt. George Whitley

Heroes, All.  --Old Secesh



Friday, May 10, 2013

Confederate Legacy: The Boys Who Fell-- Part 16

A list of Wayne County men who were killed in action or mortally wounded.

CO. A, 27TH NC, THE GOLDSBORO RIFLES

Capt. James D. Bryan
2nd Lt. Joel J. Denmark
2nd Lt. Stephen M. Hunt
Pvt. William H. Faircloth
Pvt.  William Flowers
Pvt. Stephen M. Grice
Pvt. Ezekiel Holloman
Pvt. Richard Holloman
Pvt. Joseph D. Howard
Pvt. William M. Howell
Pvt. Cicero W. Mosely
Pvt. James B. Parker
Pvt. Nathan B. Parker
Pvt.  Jacob Philmore
Pvt.  George P. Piner
Sgt.  Bryant Rhodes
Pvt.  Edwar B. Sasser
Pvt.  Stephen J. Smith

Not Forgotten Here.  --Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 15 Stacey Jones and the Goldsboro Rifles

Stacey Jones is a descendant of a soldier who served in the Goldsboro Rifles and has done much research on the unit.  It was reformed after the Civil War and called to duty in the Spanish-American War and World War I as well.  he has written a book on the Rifles.

"For me, it's all about family.  This is not just local; history, these men were out families."

Jones noted that when the Rifles dedicated the Confederate monument at Willowdale Cemetery in the 1880s, that some 2,000 attended.  "Today, it's all we can do to get 20-30 people there (for Confederate Memorial Day).  Unless we take steps to remember them, they will be forgotten."

And, now, sadly,there are certain groups trying to discredit the Confederate soldier for protecting his home and family because of the slavery issue.  They would have you believe that all Confederates were the worst people who ever lived because of it.

That's Just Not the Way It Is.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 14: Goldsboro's Private James Parker

WHY WE REMEMBER THEM

Private James Parker was a 27-year-old farmer from Goldsboro when he enlisted in the Rifles.  He was not drafted and enlisted on his own, despite the fact that he was leaving his wife, seven children and farm (and for you revisionists, no slaves).  This, putting his life, family and land on the line for his country.

He was wounded at Antietam and killed at the Battle of Bristoe Station in Virginia in October 1863.

His family still remembers him today.  Ray Parker, Jr. and Ray Parker III of Goldsboro treasure a portrait of Parker and his wife Francis, that has been handed down for generations. 

They know that James suffered through lots of hardships during his time in the Confederate Army.  For years, many lived on nothing but bacon fat and corn meal and had to sleep on the open ground for lack of tents.  Many battles saw Confederate soldiers entering without shoes (one of the reasons the Battle of Gettysburg took place).

Fighting for His Home and Family.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 13: Junior and Senior Reserves

CO. A, 2ND JUNIOR RECERVES

This unit had 45 boys from Wayne County, many as young as 15.  It was organized late in the war as an attempt to overcome the severe manpower needs of the Confederate Army.. 

It listed no soldier killed in action, but several died from disease.  It was likely used as a home guard although some Junior Reserves were captured at Fort Fisher.


CO. F, 8TH SENIOR RESERVES

Like the above unit, this was a group organized to help with the manpower shortage.  There were 66 men from Wayne County.  They either volunteered or were conscripted.

Some were as old as fifty.  records show that few saw action.

Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 12: Company H, 1st NC Cavalry, The Goldsboro Guards

Fifty-six men from Wayne County served in this unit along with men from surrounding counties.  Casualties were generally fewer in cavalry units as they were used mostly for scouting.

Men in this unit had to provide their own mounts, something many men in the county could not afford.

Old Secesh

Monday, May 6, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 11: Wayne County Artillery Units

CO. F, 1ST N.C. ARTILLERY: "ANDREWS BATTERY"

Named for its captain, this unit had 95 men from Wayne County and saw action along the North Carolina coast at Forts Macon and Fisher.  (The last one just got my interest.


CO. I, 1ST N.C. ARTILLERY: 'HERRING'S ARTILLERY"

Also named for its leader and saw most of its action at the fall of Fort Fisher.  Like the previous company, most of its casualties were men who were captured at Fort Fisher and sent to the Union prison camp at Elmira, New York.

This camp was called "Helmira" by those held there and proved to be a death sentence for many because of starvation and disease.  Dozens of men were listed as dying in prison of various illnesses.

Especially shocking was that the war continued only three months after Fort Fisher was captured.

I'll Have to Look Into These Two Units.

And, They Said Andersonville Was Hell.  --Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 10: Co. I, 35th NC Infantry

Still continuing with Confederate units containing large numbers of Goldsboro and Wayne County residents.

The company was organized in the fall of 1861 and had 90 men from Wayne County.  They received heavy casualties at the Battle of Malvern Hill in 1862, when Confederates attacked Union artillery at the top of the hill.  They lost most of the ten men who were killed during the course of the war at this site.

Only four men from Wayne County were still with the unit at the surrender at Appomattox.

Old Secesh

Saturday, May 4, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 9: Companies C, D and H, 2nd NC

These units had over 100 men from Wayne County and served with distinction from Malvern Hill to Antietam to Chancellorsville to Spotsylvania Courthouse.  The names of its men are also familiar to the county.

In all, the three companies lost 30 men killed in action.  The battles listed were particularly deadly and many died during Jackson's famous flank march at Chancellorsville.

Company H left Wayne County with 82 men and 4 surrendered at Appomattox.

Fighting For a Cause.  --Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 8: The Goldsboro Volunteers

This unit volunteered for service along with the Rifles and Saulston Volunteers, but the company was transferred to the 4th North Carolina Regiment and became Company D.  Eighty-four of the 128 men on its rolls were from Wayne County. 

Its first captain was Junius Whitaker and Lovett Louis commanded for most of the war.

The 4th helped hold Bloody Lane at the Battle of Antietam and were in Jackson's flank attack that crushed the Federal Army at Chancellorsville.  They also were at Gettysburg on the first day

At Spotsylvania they helped plug the gap at the "Muleshoe" when Union troops poured through a bulge in the Confederate line.

Well-known Wayne County names in this unit: Bartlett,  Best, Casey, Davis, Ellis, Gurley, McCullen, Price, Roberts, Rollins, Sasser, Sauls, Talton and Weil.

During the war, 32 died, at least 13 killed in action or mortally wounded, 19 of disease or some other cause.  Just five remained at Appomattox when the surrender came.

The Volunteers.  --Old Secesh

Friday, May 3, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 7: Saulston Volunteers

Company K of the 27th North Carolina Infantry. 

Berry Parks then became captain and continued in that position until near the end of the war.

Many of the names of the company's members are still living in this part of Wayne County:  Barnes, Best, Chase, Edmundson, Hooks, Howell, Lancaster, Musgrave, Pate and Smith.

During the war, 135 men served in the unit.  Nine were killed or mortally wounded, 21 died of other causes and 30 were wounded.  Six were present at the Appomattox surrender.

Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 6: The Saulston Volunteers

The Saulston Volunteers were recruited primarily from northern Wayne County and was in the 27th North Carolina Regiment along with the Goldsboro Rifles, so its wartime experience was the same.

It was mustered into service June 10, 1861 with Benjamin Bardin as its first captain.  They became Company K.  Bardin lost re-election to captaincy in 1862 and was replaced by James Gardner who soon resigned and later became leader of a senior home guard unit.

Hopton H. Coor then took over and served until he was wounded and later resigned after he faced military court and felt he had "a great injustice" done to him.  (Wonder what that was all about?)

Sure Had a Lot of Officers.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, May 2, 2013

Confederates Need More Soldiers

From the July 29, 2012, Fayetteville (NC) Observer "Civil War 150th Anniversary: July 1862 developments."

From the July 7th, 1862 paper.

"HQ, 53 Tegt. N.C. Militia, Fayetteville, July 1, 1862, Special Order No. 1:  The officers commanding companies in the 53rd Reg't are hereby ordered to have all persons in their respective districts liable to the Conscription Act, at the Courthouse in Fayetteville on July 8 for enrollment, or to receive certification of exemption.

After enrollment you will warn all Conscripts to appear promptly at the Courthouse 5th of July, prepared with necessary rations and will proceed with responsible officers forthwith to this Camp of Instruction.  Conscripts will be allowed to bring one extra suit of clothing only.

By Order of Major Peter Mallett, A.A.G."

Essentially, the men around Fayetteville of draft age were to report or have an exemption.  Those now drafted would proceed to a training camp.

The War's Getting Bigger.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

Confederate Legacy-- Part 5: The Goldsboro Rifles, Civil War and Beyond

Throughout the Civil War, the Goldsboro Rifles had a total of 168 men serve in it at one ime or another.  Eighteen were killed in battle or died of their wounds.  Seven others died of other causes, mostly disease.  This is surprising as most units usually had double the number of disease deaths than battle deaths.  Thirty-nine were wounded and only seven remained at the surrender of Lee's Army t Appomattox Courthouse.

The unit did not end at Lee's surrender.  They served during the Spanish-American War in 1898 as well as World War I.  My great uncle was a lieutenat in it and survived being gassed.  Sadly, shortly after he returned home from Europe, he lost his life trying to save the life of a yound boy in a flooded creek near Goldsboro.

A Great Unit.  --Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 4: The Goldsboro Rifles

James Bryan commanded the Rifles for the majority of the war until he was wounded in the fall of 1863 and died after his right leg was amputated.  John D. Bryan (kinsman?) then took command until he resigned.  He was the last captain of the company.  After that it was commanded by lieutenants and non-commissioned officers.

The men of the company of te company consisted of some of the family names who still are important in Wayne County even to this day: Bryan, Border, Aycock, Cobb, Crawford, Dees, Edgerton, Faircloth, Holloman, Overman, Parker, Pike, Roberts, Tadlock, Warrick and others.

The 27th was heavily involved in some of the biggest battles of the war.  The first battle it was in was New Bern in the spring of 1862.  Soon after that, it went by railroad to join Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.  They were right in the thick of the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg and the Wilderness, but not at the Battle of Gettysburg as they were assigned to other duty in Virginia.

The 27th's war record is among the top for regiments in the Army of Virginia,  Even Pulitzer Prize winning author Douglas Southal Freeman referred to the unit as "the magnificent 27th North Carolina."


One More Entry for the Unit.  --Old Secesh

Confederate Legacy-- Part 3: The Goldsboro Rifles

The first unit of men from the city and county to go off to war was the Goldsboro Rifles.  No one knows how they came up with the name.  They were formed even before the war began.  As relations between the sections of the nation became worse, home guards of militia were formed in towns and counties across the South.  These men began drilling and learning to soldier.

The company journeyed to Fort Macon and enlisted April 15, 1861, even before North Carolina had seceded.  They elected their captain (captains commanded companies) and other officers and were assigned to the 9th North Carolina Regiment.

Other companies pulled out of the 9th to join other regiments and then the Rifles were assigned to the 27th NC Infantry Regiment which later developed the reputation as one of the Army of Northern Virginia's crack units.  After one battle, even Robert E. Lee praised them.

The Goldsboro Rifles became Company A in the 27th.  Its first captain was  Marshall D. Craton and stayed with them until he became a lieutenant colonel in another regiment  in the fall of 1861.  Stephen D.hillips commanded until the reorganization and revote in the spring of 1862 gave the captaincy to James D. Bryan.

More Rifles to Come.  --Old Secesh