The Battle of Fort Fisher, N.C.

Thursday, January 31, 2013

Report of First Doctor to Reach Shot Lincoln Found

From the June 5, 2012, Yahoo! News, AP .

Dr. Charles Leale was the first doctor to reach Lincoln after the assassination in Ford's Theater and found him paralyzed, comatose and leaning against his wife.  He ordered brandy and water brought in immediately according to a newly found report written just hours after the president's death. 

It was discovered in a box in the National Archives late in May.

The Army surgeon was sitting just 40 feet away from the President's box and saw assassin John Wilkes Booth jump to the stage with a dagger.  His first thought was that Lincoln had been stabbed.

"I commenced to examine his head and soon passed my finger over a large firm clot of blood situated about one inch below the superior curved line of the occipital bone.  The coagula I easily removed and passed my little finger of my left hand through the perfectly smooth opening made by the ball."

Historians believe his account was packed in a box and stored in the Archive and not seen for 147 years.

This is a first draft of the tragedy.  Dr, Leale basically saved Lincoln's life at that moment, but the president died later from the wound.

Kind of Indiana Jones and the Lost Ark at the End.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

A New Look At Confederate General John B. Hood

From the Jan. 12, 2013, Yahoo! News "Historian Reviews Southern General's Record, Revises It Via New Critical Study."

This is a review of the book "John Bell Hood: Extracting Truth From History" by Thomas J. Brown.

John Bell Hood was "a controversial and often criticized Southern general" generally held to blame by Lost Cause advocates.  Past studies have "characterized him as a rash, overaggressive and lacking in strategic imagination" man "limited logistically to the frontal assault."

He is especially skewered by his actions at the battles of Franklin and Nashville.

The book makes a case for him "as a bold, imaginative and complex leader."  He was arguably a capable if not great brigade or divisional commander, but had flaws when it came to commanding an entire army under his own direction as occurred at Atlanta and the two battles mentioned.  Then there was always the mess at Spring Hill.

Should be An Interesting Read.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Gettysburg Map May Be Auctioned-Or Destroyed

From the May 27, 2012, Philadelphia Inquirer by AP.

The 1960s-era large electric battlefield map was taken down by the National Park Service in 2008 after the new museum and visitors center opened and is now in storage.

The NPS wants to auction it off, but would have to receive a waiver from the General Service Administration because it contains asbestos.

It was created by Joseph Rosensteel who grew up on the battlefield and whose family founded the park's original museum.

His grandfather had collected artifacts after the battle when he was a teenager while helping to bury bodies.  Those thousands of items became the basis of the museum when it opened in the family farmhouse in 1921.

Joseph Rosensteel spent five years researching troop movements over the 6,000 acre battlefield starting in 1938.  The current map to be auctioned was built in 1963 out of plaster and concrete and was built for the centennial of the battle.

Hoping Someone Gets It.  Way Too Much History to Let Go.  --Old Secesh

Monday, January 28, 2013

"Heart's Blood:" Flag Saved By Him Needs Saving-- Part 3

Whether the flag became a Confederate trophy or if he had been able to keep it from them is not known.  The flag was returned to Illinois and put on display with others in the Capitol Building.

In the 1920s, the flags were removed to the Centennial Building where they remained on display until 2003.  Now, they are stored in a climate controlled facility at Camp Lincoln in Springfield, Illinois.

Funds between $15,000 and $20,000 are needed for restoration.

Save That Old Flag.  --Old Secesh

"Heart's Blood:" Flag Saved By Him Needs Saving-- Part 2

When news of his wounding and capture reached Grand Ridge, his father Richard and brother Samuel headed south in a wagon.  The Confederates let them through their lines only to find that George had died.

They returned with the body and buried him with his brother in the Grand Ridge Cemetery, north of the town on the east side of today's Route 23.

On June 20, 1885, the New York Times reported the flag had been found at the War Department in Washington, DC.  Poundstone had been left in Jackson when the Confederates abandoned it and Union forces took the body to Vicksburg where he died July 23rd.  This conflicts with what I wrote in the first paragraph.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Saturday, January 26, 2013

"Heart's Blood:" Flag Saved By Him Needs Saving-- Part 1

From the May 25, 2012, Times by Charles Stanley.

Sgt. George Poundstone of Grand Ridge, Illinois, was mortally wounded but focused on saving his country's flag.  He stuffed it into his tunic to keep it from capture.

Today, that flag, stained with his blood, is stored flat in a cabinet in Springfield, Illinois, along with hundreds of other similar banners and awaiting funds for restoration.

Poundstone was in the 53rd Illinois Infantry regiment, organized in Ottawa in 1861-1862.  He was 32 and single when he joined in November '61.  On July 12, 1863, outside of Jackson, Mississippi, the 53rd was ordered to charge Confederate fortifications.  In just 40 minutes, half of the regiment had become casualties.

The 53rd commenced the attack with 250 officers and enlisted men and finished with just 66.  The eight members of Poundstone's color guard were all killed or wounded.  After the battle, the Confederates brought 3 flags and 200 prisoners into Jackson, including Poundstone who had been shot in the thigh, left eye and heart.

One Brave Man.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Collecting Small Arms for the Cause

From the May 27, 2012, Fayetteville (NC) Observer "May 1862 developments."

The paper goes back to past issues to gather these stories.

Fayetteville Observer May 5, 1862:  "Sheriff Hector McNeill appt. agent by Maj. Gen. T.H. Holmes for purpose of collecting all the small in Cumberland County saying 'I appeal to the liberality and patriotism of the citizens of Cumberland to bring them forward at the earliest moment possible.  They are wanted to defend our homes.

I am instructed to purchase, beg, borrow or take."

Leaving His Options Open.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Chicago During the Civil War-- Part 2

1864--  Lincoln Park designated as a recreational area.  In doing so, a 120-acre cemetery and most of its raves were removed.  Then the area was expanded to 1000 acres.  The graves of nearly 10,000 Confederate prisoners who had died at Camp Douglas were relocated in 1870.

1865--  Union Stockyards established on a one-square-mile area by Halsted Street and Exchange Avenue.  At one time one of the largest stockyards in the world.  It closed in 1972.

1865--  On April 15th, the body of Abraham Lincoln lay in state in the rotunda of the Chicago City hall before it was removed to Springfield.

Old Secesh

The Tree Where the Confederacy Took Root-- Part 2

The tree is 75-foot high with hanging Spanish moss and is estimated to be 350-400 years old.  It is located in an oak forest just off SC-46 and is on a private development known as Stock Farm.  There are several private developments around Bluffton and therefore, very rich folk.

Emmett McCracklin, owner of Stock Farm Antiques, former owner of the land, will be happy to direct you to it, saying that most people just drive by it.

Bluffton has a lot of history, but also is usually passed by by people heading by on US-278 to the rich enclaves of Hilton Head.

The Bluffton Historic District is a square mile of old shops and homes.

Mighty Old Tree With a Lot of History.  --Old Secesh

Monday, January 21, 2013

The Tree Where the Confederacy Took Root

From the January 20, 2013, Chucago Tribune by Mike Conklin.

Well, it's in Bluffton S.C..  I've been there on several occasions, but never knew about it.

Some people say the fiery rhetoric that led to the war "started almost twenty years earlier under the limbs of a giant oak tree that today stands unmarked and most unnoticed."

The Secession tree is to be found in this Low Country (if you ever go there you have to try a Low Country Boil) town.  Here, "on July 31, 1844, a crowd heard U.S. Representative Robert Barnwell Rhett proclaim it was time to consider separation from the Union."  I wonder if he is any relation to Rhett Butler?

The site is regarded as South Carolina's first steps in a movement to secede from the United States.

Maybe we should call it the Old Secesh Tree?

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Saturday, January 19, 2013

Chicago During the Civil War

1861--  Outgoing Mayor John Wentworth fired entire Chicago police department: 60 patrolmen, 3 sergeants, 3 lieutenants and 1 captain.  Chicago was without police protection for 12 hours until the Board of Commissioners swore in new ones.  Sounds like Chicago politics to me.

1863--  First hospital in Illinois opens, Chicago's Mercy Hospital.

Two More Years.  --Old Secesh

Friday, January 18, 2013

Melting the Bells for the Cause

Continuing from the previous post.

APRIL 21, 1862--  John Shrortridge was in Fayetteville from Rockbridge with that towns' bells (the church, courthouse, factory and hotel) and 500 pounds of lead pipe from the factory.

Charlotte gave their town clock bells.

APRIL 28, 1862--  They are urging farmers to plant a full crop of corn.  A full crop of cotton is in and there is no sale for it.  There is plenty of cotton also.  The Army and people need corn " is the duty of patriotism to make it abundant."

The War On the Homefront.  --Old Secesh

Fayetteville, NC, Is All In for the Cause: Melt Down Those Bells

From the April 29, 2012, Fayetteville (NC) Observer "The Civil War 150th Anniversary: April 1862 developments."

The April 14, 1862, Fayetteville Observer was discussing using bells to make cannons.  A count shows there are five Fayetteville churches and five factories that had bells.  Also, there was the town bell and two others at the Foundry and Arsenal.

The Observer recommends leaving the town and Arsenal bells, which can easily be heard.  All the others could be donated to the war effort.  These other bells, when melted down, could easily make an artillery battery which could be called the Cumberland (name of the county) Artillery.

All In.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Three Confederate Officers At the Battle of Richmond Become Arkansas Governors-- Part 2

THOMAS J. CHURCHILL--  Born in Louisville, Kentucky and led the Kentucky Rifles in the Mexican War.  Captured in 1847.  Postmaster of Little Rock, Arkansas in 1857.

Became a brigadier general in March 1862.  Led a division at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky.  Later, some of his troops were the first sharpshooters used in the western theater.

Became a major general during the Red River Campaign. 

Became governor in 1880.  Was the last surviving general from the Battle of Richmond when he died in 1904.

Big Governorship Battle. --Old Secesh

Monday, January 14, 2013

Three Confederate Officers at the Battle of Richmond Became Arkansas Governors

From the Jan. 1, 2013, Richmond (Ky) Register.

The Battle of Richmond was fought in 1862.

HARRY FLANAGAN was born in New Jersey and moved to Arkansas, where he became a representative in 1842.  He was a Lt. Col. during Kirby Smith's Kentucky campaign.  He became governor of Arkansas but had no real power as the Confederates had evacuated Little Rock.  He died in 1874,

JAMES P. EAGLE was born in Tennessee but moved to Arkansas as a teenager.  He was in General Churchill's division at the Battle of Richmond and saw action around the cemetery.

He was elected governor in 1888 and 1890 and died in 1904.  His brother was also governor in 1913.

More to Come.  --Old Secesh

Sunday, January 13, 2013

Quinine, Morphine and Whiskey

From the Hartford (CT) Courant "Quinine, Morphine, and Whiskey: Tools of the Civil War Battlefield Doctor" by David Drury.

Dr. Nathan Mayer, surgeon of the 16th Connecticut Infantry, saw waves of Union soldiers fall assaulting Marye's Heights at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1862.  He went on to say that that December night "we surgeons labored in a large freight depot till morning.  The carnage had been terrible."

He and the other doctors performed nearly 500 amputations.  According to the poet Walt Whitman, who was serving as a nurse at the battle, severed limbs were tossed "into a heap of feet, arms, legs, etc. under a tree in front of the hospital."

Nathan Mayer, a German, spent three years treating typhoid, malaria and small pox.  He was even taken prisoner once and held in Richmond's Libby Prison where he survived a bout with yellow fever.

Doctors used the newly developed anesthesia for surgeries, opiates to relieve pain, quinine, the liquified bark of the Peruvian chinchona tree, to treat tropical fevers.  In addition, "In one pocket I carried quinine, in the other morphine and whiskey in my canteen."

I Don't Think I Would Want to Get Wounded Back Then.  --Old Secesh

Friday, January 11, 2013

A New SCV Camp in North Carolina

From the Jan. 2, 2013, Jefferson (NC) Post.

The new Ashe county Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) camp received their charter in November.  North Carolina Division Lt. Cmdr Dan Bolick presented the charter to then saying, " realize it's okay to celebrate your Confederate heritage."

The SCV was founded back in 1896 in Richmond, Virginia, to take over the good name of the Confederate veteran as their numbers were dying off, much like our World War II veterans are now.

And with all these heritage attacks you see everywhere, it is good to have some more defenders.

Old Secesh

Thursday, January 10, 2013

Wisconsin Troops Capture Jefferson Davis

From the Dec. 27, 2012, Coulee (Wis) News "Odd Wisconsin: State troops captured Jefferson Davis."

Confederate President Davis and his cabinet fled southward after Lee's surrender.  Madison lawyer Henry Harnden, commanding the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry was in Macon, Georgia, and was ordered to intercept the president.

He command set off and traveled 36 hours "24 of them in the saddle" when he was awakened by a slave who told him he'd seen Davis pass by earlier in the day.  Without this bit of intel, Harnden would have pursued a different way and Davis would have escaped. 

Four nights later, the Wisconsin cavalry caught up with Davis near Irwinsville, Georgia.  Gunshots were exchanged, only to find out they were shooting at Michigan troops.  Two men died.

Harnden and the Michigan colonel rode into the Confederate camp.  Harndon wrote that he "rode up, dismounted and saluted, and I asked if this was Mr. Davis. 'Yes,' he replied, 'I am President Davis.'  At this the soldiers sent up a shout that Jeff Davis had been captured."

As such, about 30 enlisted men from Wisconsin helped bring about the end of the war.

Hate When That Happens.  --Old Secesh

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

Will the Real Pemberton Please Stand Up

From the Dec. 28, 2012, Huffington Post "Coca-Cola's Doc Pemberton Mascot May Actually Be Image Of Disgraced Confederate General" by Ryan Grenoble.

The Coca-Cola Company is currently pushing the image of Doc. Pemberton, the Georgia pharmacist credited with inventing Coca-Cola back in 1886.  But, at issue is whether the image they are using of him is of the good doctor or Confederate General John Clifford Pemberton, the man who surrendered the stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, July 4, 1863, to U.S. Grant, effectively cutting the Confederacy in half along the Mississippi River.

The general is a relative of the doctor and looking at photographs of the two, there is a definite resemblance.  The article does mention that the general was of "somewhat ill repute."

I do not know a lot about the general and am not sure the ill-repute comes from his surrendering, something he did, or, in this day and age, whether it is because he was a Confederate (although one from the North).  You know, that slavery thing.

Wonderin' and Lookin'.  --Old Secesh

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

How "Bigoted" Is That Flag?

This morning I was reading about some girl who had evidently not known the difference between the British Union Jack and the Confederate Naval Jack flags and had ordered the Confederate one from Amazon by mistake and posted about it.

Of course, she is taking a lot of grief about it with several comments about the Confederate flag standing for bigotry and how she is a real idiot.

Most couldn't believe she had made the mistake even though there are some similarities with design and colors. 

Personally, I don't mind them for calling her to task for not knowing the difference, but, calling the flag a symbol of bigotry is bordering on bigotry and racism itself.

By the way, I find that I can fly the Confederacy's First National Flag, the Stars and Bars, and no one ever says anything about it because they don't know it is a Confederate flag.

Anyway!  --Old Secesh

Friday, January 4, 2013

Saw Another Really Big Confederate Flag

Yesterday, we drove from South Florida's Hollywood Beach across Alligator Alley to the west coast and took I-75 north to Tampa and then east on I-4.

I remembered hearing that the local SCV group had erected a huge flagpole from which to fly a huge Confederate Naval Jack at the intersection so that everyone could see it.  I was hoping to see that huge jack as I'd heard it was the largest one ever made.  But it wasn't flying.

They did have a large Third National flag flying proudly, though.  Made me feel proud.

It is too bad that the current anti-Confederate hatred is so prevalent.  If it wasn't, there would be no need for these huge flags.

They are kind of like the Revolutionary War "Don't Tread On Me" flags.

Flying High and Proud.  --Old Secesh

Thursday, January 3, 2013

If That "Don't" Just Yank My Chain

 Hopefully, I'll keep this entry on subject.

Two recent items of interest in the Heritage Attacks area.

1.  Dec. 28, 2012-- The Confederate flag and flagpole was stolen from the Barrien County Courthouse in Nashville, Georgia. about 30 miles north of Valdosta.  It is part of a memorial erected by the Barrien Light Artillery Camp of the Sons of Confederate Veterans who raised $18,000 for the project.  Evidently, someone is saying they don't care for the Confederacy.

2.  From the Dec. 27, 2012, Huffington Post--  "Joe Arpaio Accepted Award From Confederate Heritage Group: The infamous sheriff "gratefully accepted" an award from SCV last year," from something called Salon.  The sheriff is from Maricopa, Arizona, accused of racial discrimination, received the J. Edgar Hoover Law & Order Award in October 2011.

Now, I am not too sure I've heard of this sheriff, but I did hear there was some issue in Arizona over discrimination and a sheriff who is hard on his prisoners.  Perhaps this is the same man.  But to try to paint his receiving an award as being something "damning" because it came from a Confederate group is a bit far.

Sort of strange that it would take them so long to find this item out.  Plus, the SCV, Sons of Confederate Veterans is "a controversial Confederate heritage group."  Of course, is it controversial to be proud of your ancestors?  Especially when so many groups out there do nothing but bad mouth their good name?

It sure doesn't take long to figure out this is a very biased, slanted attack on all things Confederate.

Old Secesh