Wednesday, March 9, 2011

That Problem in Charleston Harbor-- Part 3

Part 2 was way back January 12th. Where does time fly?

From the Winter 2010 Hallowed Ground Magazine of the Civil War Preservation Trust.

The last we looked at the situation in Charleston Harbor, Major Anderson had decided Fort Sumter was easier to defend and transferred his garrison from Fort Moultrie out to it. South Carolina troops began building fortifications around the harbor and occupied Fort Moultrie and Castle Pinckney.

Some works were primarily vested with Fort Sumter and others to command the shipping channels. Fort Johnson, on James Island, was even occupied though it had long been abandoned.

President James Buchanan tried to resupply and reinforce Sumter by sending the civilian steamer Star of the West, but it was turned back from shots from a battery manned by Citadel Military Institute cadets.

That same day, Mississippi seceded and was soon followed by Florida, Alabama. Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. On Feb. 4, 1861, these states met in Montgomery, Alabama, and formed the Confederate States of America.

On March 3rd, the day before Lincoln was to be sworn in as president, Confederate Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard was placed in command at Charleston Harbor.

More to Come. --Old B-Runner

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